C4H

C4H stands for Conditioned For Her (or Him). It means this file has commands for you to obey a lover in your life.

Cock Workout


Well, I think your cock could use a bit of a workout, don't you agree? After all, you may never know when a smoking hot girl might need it.                                            ...

Package for Delivery


This is just the beginning to my file, “The Slave Auction”. An ASMR Induction to set you both in the scene, and in your place. As I drag you down into a submissive slave state and inspect you for delivery. Until it's completely out of your hands and you are helpless to comply. But at this stage I'm only asking you nicely to come play along… ...

Sacrilege


All bound up and no place to escape. My love, prepare to use your tongue for my pleasure as I brainwash you into my perfect servant. You're going to worship me, there's no choice really. But you WILL love it.                      ...

The Stray


This file is a perfect way to relax and condition your mind before listening to other files. To create positive changes in both yourself and the world. I believe very firmly that motivation is important, and part of this file is telling that hidden observer in your mind WHY I make these files, WHY I train you, condition you. It is my desire that understanding my motives better will help your...

Conditioned for HER


This file will transfer all feelings of affection and submission from me, to Her. That woman in your life, who rules your life and your thoughts. My voice is merely here to condition you, for her. I am your trainer, your teacher - she is your owner, and from now on, any time you listen to my files your mind will selectively cycle my words and commands to respond to her instead of / in addition...

Object of Our Desires


This file is special. I wrote it a long time ago, and had to wait awhile to find just the right person to record with - and u/sweetcarolinekisses came through so sexily well. If you like women sharing you with their friends, using you like the sex toy you are meant to be, treating you as an object and half the time simply ignoring you while they play with each other using you as nothing but...

Do it for Her - Slave Contract


Signing a slave contract in your mind, binding you to your Mistresses will. Of course, this file is only an induction, with an open ended float command at the end. I highly recommend playing it before another file that has triggers your Mistress would like to use on you. Show her what a good boy you can be. Be the best you possible. Do it for Her.

You have a Problem


One of my supporter submitted files, this is a short audio for those of you currently caged up.

Sudden Succubus


In this file you are simply walking home when you are surprised in the forest. A Hypnotic Enchantress surprises you, her voice quickly ensnaring you as you walk willingly into her trap. It feels too good to resist and really... you're just a weak, weak man when it comes to desire.                      ...

Powerful Woman's Plaything


There is so much pleasure in being played with by powerful women. Follow the familiar patterns, the familiar ways of thinking. Let my voice drift over you, cover you, cover your mind with blissful joy and a desire to serve. Float in sweet haze as my words sweetly rearrange you to my liking.

Suck for Shibby


Ever wonder how I'd program my sweet boy to do those things he didn't think he could ever do for me? Prepare to find out. In this session, I'll lead you well beyond the edges of your comfort zone, and prepare you for a starring role in one of my guy-on-guy fantasies. And you'll enjoy it, because I'll program you to enjoy it. While the file does not mention lube in it, I suggest you...

Love-ly Orgasm


Here is the prompt I was given for the file as per the list my patreons voted on: Having an orgasm while being in love feels so much better! What if all orgasms you experience with me feel that good? What if my voice, the moment I start talking, makes you instantly horny and you become so in love with me that orgasm will feel heavenly? Isn’t that what you have always dreamed of? I will...

Orgasmic Intensity 5


The final night you are allowed to cum, before the rest of the Series only brings you to the edge for a few days. A prep-up towards having a Hands Free Orgasm. Don't forget to listen to Orgasmic Preparation at least every other day. The file for Night 11 to the Orgasmic Training Series.

Orgasmic Intensity 4


Almost there... let's see just how far we can go together. The file for Night 10 to the Orgasmic Training Series.

Orgasmic Intensity 3


Enjoy, and make sure you check with your doctor first if you aren't sure you can handle the intensity. It's only going to go up and up and up.... The file for Night 7 to the Orgasmic Training Series.

Orgasmic Intensity 2


How are you feeling, how is your cock? Depleted, drained... mmm that would be best. But I want more from you, and you are a good boy who needs to give me what I want. An even longer orgasm. Controlling you... in such a strong way, until you admit if only to yourself that a little piece of me owns a little piece of you, and it's only going to get more intense. The file for Night 6 to the...

Orgasmic Intensity 1


Tying your sexual responses to obedience... There are five Intensity files. They are all different and each one will take you deeper... train you further... and make your orgasms last longer than the previous. These files build heavily off of "Orgasmic Denial" and "Orgasmic Command". I am unsure of the effectiveness if you haven't listened to the previous files. I want you a drooling,...

Orgasmic Denial


It's time to start your Orgasmic Training. A Series of files created to take you further down the journey of your sexuality. I want to do things with your cock, and your orgasms, that you didn't know were possible. I'm going to make your orgasms last longer. Make it easier to control when and how many times in a row you can cum. I'm going to show you that my will can directly effect your...

HFO Devotion


Following in the HFO Indoctrination tradition, this is a HFO / JOI file. This file looks at hypnosis and HFO through the idea that female pleasure is what is really important. A bit of a curse file, Installing triggers that She / I must cum first, or your orgasm just won't be as good. Linking moans and female sounds of pleasure, that clenching of a woman orgasming on your cock as the...

Brainwashed Goodboy


Get comfortable for me, while my voice takes you deep into trance and wraps you up in the warm blanket of my control over you. You're a good boy. You want to be a good boy. You need to be a good boy. It's second nature to slip into the mindset, to ease into the submissive bliss of simply being... My good boy.

Dropping into the Loop - Freeze


Get ready to be played with in a whole new way. Let me show you, just how much physical control I can take over you, as I freeze you in place.                                            ...

Scented Memories for an Obedient Slave


Start by lighting a scented candle. A scent you want to associate with submission, a scent that from now on, will cause you to feel submissive towards your Mistress whenever you catch a breath of it. This is an excellent file to go before others... For those of you who want to be called a "Good Pet", and be conditioned to obey their Mistress. No genital bits are mentioned in any of the nine...

Scented Memories for an Obedient Slave


Start by lighting a scented candle. A scent you want to associate with submission, a scent that from now on, will cause you to feel submissive towards your Master whenever you catch a breath of it. This is an excellent file to go before others... For those of you who want to be called a "Good Pet", and be conditioned to obey their Master. No genital bits are mentioned in any of the nine...

Scented Memories for an Obedient Slave Girl


Start by lighting a scented candle. A scent you want to associate with submission, a scent that from now on, will cause you to feel submissive towards your Mistress whenever you catch a breath of it. This is an excellent file to go before others... For those of you who want to be called a "Good Girl", and be conditioned to obey their Mistress. No genital bits are mentioned in any of the nine...

Scented Memories for an Obedient Slave Girl


Start by lighting a scented candle. A scent you want to associate with submission, a scent that from now on, will cause you to feel submissive towards your Master whenever you catch a breath of it. This is an excellent file to go before others... For those of you who want to be called a "Good Girl", and be conditioned to obey their Master. No genital bits are mentioned in any of the nine...

Scented Memories for an Obedient Slave Boy


Start by lighting a scented candle. A scent you want to associate with submission, a scent that from now on, will cause you to feel submissive towards your Mistress whenever you catch a breath of it. This is an excellent file to go before others... For those of you who want to be called a "Good Boy", and be conditioned to obey their Mistress. No genital bits are mentioned in any of the nine...

Scented Memories for an Obedient Slave Boy


Start by lighting a scented candle. A scent you want to associate with submission, a scent that from now on, will cause you to feel submissive towards your Master whenever you catch a breath of it. This is an excellent file to go before others... For those of you who want to be called a "Good Boy", and be conditioned to obey their Master. No genital bits are mentioned in any of the nine...

I Submit Only to Daddy - 2


This sequel loop can stand alone or help reinforce a Master's desires. Commissioned by the same person as "I Submit Only to Daddy", I had a lot of fun remaking my loop for him, and his sweet sub. For those Daddy Doms out there, I once again tweaked it a bit, and made a version for you loves. To put on for your own subs — to increase their devotion and submission to you. Enjoy! ...

Brainwashed Goodboy


Get comfortable for me, while my voice takes you deep into trance and wraps you up in the warm blanket of my control over you. You're a good boy. You want to be a good boy. You need to be a good boy. It's second nature to slip into the mindset, to ease into the submissive bliss of simply being... My good boy. ...

Brainwashed Goodboy


Get comfortable for me, while my voice takes you deep into trance and wraps you up in the warm blanket of my control over you. You're a good boy. You want to be a good boy. You need to be a good boy. It's second nature to slip into the mindset, to ease into the submissive bliss of simply being... My good boy. ...

Scented Memories for an Obedient Slave


Start by lighting a scented candle. A scent you want to associate with submission, a scent that from now on, will cause you to feel submissive towards your Mistress whenever you catch a breath of it. This is an excellent file to go before others... For those of you who want to be called a "Good Pet", and be conditioned to obey their Mistress. No genital bits are mentioned in any of the nine...

Scented Memories for an Obedient Slave


Start by lighting a scented candle. A scent you want to associate with submission, a scent that from now on, will cause you to feel submissive towards your Master whenever you catch a breath of it. This is an excellent file to go before others... For those of you who want to be called a "Good Pet", and be conditioned to obey their Master. No genital bits are mentioned in any of the nine...

Scented Memories for an Obedient Slave Girl


Start by lighting a scented candle. A scent you want to associate with submission, a scent that from now on, will cause you to feel submissive towards your Mistress whenever you catch a breath of it. This is an excellent file to go before others... For those of you who want to be called a "Good Girl", and be conditioned to obey their Mistress. No genital bits are mentioned in any of the nine...

Scented Memories for an Obedient Slave Girl


Start by lighting a scented candle. A scent you want to associate with submission, a scent that from now on, will cause you to feel submissive towards your Master whenever you catch a breath of it. This is an excellent file to go before others... For those of you who want to be called a "Good Girl", and be conditioned to obey their Master. No genital bits are mentioned in any of the nine...

Scented Memories for an Obedient Slave Boy


Start by lighting a scented candle. A scent you want to associate with submission, a scent that from now on, will cause you to feel submissive towards your Mistress whenever you catch a breath of it. This is an excellent file to go before others... For those of you who want to be called a "Good Boy", and be conditioned to obey their Mistress. No genital bits are mentioned in any of the nine...

Scented Memories for an Obedient Slave Boy


Start by lighting a scented candle. A scent you want to associate with submission, a scent that from now on, will cause you to feel submissive towards your Master whenever you catch a breath of it. This is an excellent file to go before others... For those of you who want to be called a "Good Boy", and be conditioned to obey their Master. No genital bits are mentioned in any of the nine...

Rub for Me My Pet


Experience the playful manipulation of dating a hypnodomme. You're lying in bed, keeping the bed warm. You hear the shower stop - I come running in, diving under the covers butt ass naked and shivering. Be a good pet and help warm me with cuddles. And I'll reward you with a scene... You are a good slave, I know that your greatest joy is giving me pleasure. It's how I've conditioned you after...

Rub for Her


This file has all the role play cut out of "Rub for Me My Pet", and is tweaked a bit so it is perfect for your own Mistress to put on to you, to brainwash you while you give them a massage. You are a good slave, I know that your greatest joy is giving me pleasure. It's how I've conditioned you after all! It feels so good to rub, and it feels so good to be under my power. Feel as each...

Rub for Me My Pet


Experience the playful manipulation of dating a hypnodomme. You're lying in bed, keeping the bed warm. You hear the shower stop - I come running in, diving under the covers butt ass naked and shivering. Be a good pet and help warm me with cuddles. And I'll reward you with a scene... You are a good slave, I know that your greatest joy is giving me pleasure. It's how I've conditioned you after...

Powerful Woman's Plaything


There is so much pleasure in being played with by powerful women. Follow the familiar patterns, the familiar ways of thinking. Let my voice drift over you, cover you, cover your mind with blissful joy and a desire to serve. Float in sweet haze as my words sweetly rearrange you to my liking. ...

Powerful Woman's Plaything


There is so much pleasure in being played with by powerful women. Follow the familiar patterns, the familiar ways of thinking. Let my voice drift over you, cover you, cover your mind with blissful joy and a desire to serve. Float in sweet haze as my words sweetly rearrange you to my liking. ...

Muffling Your Mind


A Muffled Mind is a Happy mind. Let me take charge of all your thoughts, showing I can block out all other sound. You know what I am saying is true. It's manipulation in blatant form, and for a slut like you, that only serves to make it more powerful.

I Submit Only to Daddy


For those Daddy Doms out there with sweet subby littles, I recently had a commissioned script fill. The commissioner made it as a present for a sweet little sub of his, something to put on under otherwise complete sensory deprivation. I tweaked it a bit, and made a version for you loves as well. To put on for them to increase their devotion to you. Enjoy! ...

Have you ever been in love?


A short deepener taken from the file, "Love-ly Orgasm".

Opening Yourself Up


A deepener taken from the file, "Love-ly Orgasm".

Enslaved to Your Wife: Session into Submission and Sleep


Happy Wife, Happy Domina. I'm being paid good money to turn you into a slave for your wife, you want to be a good boy and follow my training so I continue to get paid right? You must keep falling... Deeper and Deeper. Just follow my words, follow my instructions and picture your wife. Picture how happy she will be when you go back to her, completely submissive, subservient, and such a good...

Enslaved to Your Wife: Second Session - Triggers


Happy Wife, Happy Domina. If you've been following the regimen set forth by me and your wife, you'll be living up to these tenets - but we're not done with you yet. Your wife has informed me that while she is happy with your progress - she wants more. And she deserves more. Out of you, and out of our sessions together. With that in mind this file is meant to be listened to a month after the...

Conditioned for HER


This file will transfer all feelings of affection and submission from me, to Her. That woman in your life, who rules your life and your thoughts. My voice is merely here to condition you, for her. I am your trainer, your teacher - she is your owner, and from now on, any time you listen to my files your mind will selectively cycle my words and commands to respond to her instead of / in addition...

Conditioned for HER


This file will transfer all feelings of affection and submission from me, to Her. That woman in your life, who rules your life and your thoughts. My voice is merely here to condition you, for her. I am your trainer, your teacher - she is your owner, and from now on, any time you listen to my files your mind will selectively cycle my words and commands to respond to her instead of / in addition...

All for Her


A short loop from within the file, "Conditioned for Her".

Enslaved to Your Wife: Third Session - In the Kitchen


Your wife is happy with your progress but it's time to get more specific about what she wants you to do for her. You need to be your wife's cook, server, busboy, and janitor. And as I take you deeper into trance and your conditioning you will realize this is what you've wanted to do for your wife all along. It makes her happy, and that makes you happy, and I'm just so glad you are finding it...

Enslaved to Your Wife: Third Session - In the Kitchen


Your wife is happy with your progress but it's time to get more specific about what she wants you to do for her. You need to be your wife's cook, server, busboy, and janitor. And as I take you deeper into trance and your conditioning you will realize this is what you've wanted to do for your wife all along. It makes her happy, and that makes you happy, and I'm just so glad you are finding it...

Enslaved to Your Wife: Session into Submission and Sleep


Happy Wife, Happy Domina. I'm being paid good money to turn you into a slave for your wife, you want to be a good boy and follow my training so I continue to get paid right? You must keep falling... Deeper & Deeper. Just follow my words, follow my instructions and picture your wife. Picture how happy she will be when you go back to her, completely submissive, subservient, and such a good...

Enslaved to Your Wife: First Session


They told the wrong person to Love, Honor, and OBEY, at your wedding. Your wife is ready to fix that, so she sent you to me, telling you it would be a simple therapy session. And it is simple, you just have to listen... And when you go home to your wife, you will Obey.                      ...

Object of Our Desires


This file is special. I wrote it a long time ago, and had to wait awhile to find just the right person to record with - and u/sweetcarolinekisses came through so sexily well. If you like women sharing you with their friends, using you like the sex toy you are meant to be, treating you as an object and half the time simply ignoring you while they play with each other using you as nothing but...

Object of Our Desires


This file is special. I wrote it a long time ago, and had to wait awhile to find just the right person to record with - and u/sweetcarolinekisses came through so sexily well. If you like women sharing you with their friends, using you like the sex toy you are meant to be, treating you as an object and half the time simply ignoring you while they play with each other using you as nothing but...

Do it for Her - Slave Contract


Signing a slave contract in your mind, binding you to your Mistresses will. Of course, this file is only an induction, with an open ended float command at the end. I highly recommend playing it before another file that has triggers your Mistress would like to use on you. Show her what a good boy you can be. Be the best you possible. Do it for Her.

HFO Devotion


Following in the "HFO Indoctrination" tradition, this is a HFO / JOI file. This file looks at hypnosis and hands free orgasms through the idea that female pleasure is what is really important. A bit of a curse file, Installing triggers that She / I must cum first, or your orgasm just won't be as good. Linking moans and female sounds of pleasure, that clenching of a woman orgasming on your...

The Stray


This file is a perfect way to relax and condition your mind before listening to other files. To create positive changes in both yourself and the world. I believe very firmly that motivation is important, and part of this file is telling that hidden observer in your mind WHY I make these files, WHY I train you, condition you. It is my desire that understanding my motives better will help your...

You don't get off until I get off


You will find this file very intimate. I made this file live on my discord with a bunch of lovely people listening - it's almost pure improv, so there are no special effects. Instead this file has the natural feel of me, talking to you. Breaking the fourth wall and speaking directly to you as we get off together. ...

You don't get off until I get off


You will find this file very intimate. I made this file live on my discord with a bunch of lovely people listening - it's almost pure improv, so there are no special effects. Instead this file has the natural feel of me, talking to you. Breaking the fourth wall and speaking directly to you as we get off together. Just remember while you're stroking that lovely cock of yours - ...

Sudden Succubus


In this file you are simply walking home when you are surprised in the forest. A Hypnotic Enchantress surprises you, her voice quickly ensnaring you as you walk willingly into her trap. It feels too good to resist and really... you're just a weak, weak man when it comes to desire. I want that fear boner from you. Those after-adrenaline fantastic and orgasmic endorphins of pure pleasure...

Sudden Succubus


In this file you are simply walking home when you are surprised in the forest. A Hypnotic Enchantress surprises you, her voice quickly ensnaring you as you walk willingly into her trap. It feels too good to resist and really... you're just a weak, weak man when it comes to desire. I want that fear boner from you. Those after-adrenaline fantastic and orgasmic endorphins of pure pleasure...

Suck for Shibby


Ever wonder how I'd program my sweet boy to do those things he didn't think he could ever do for me? Prepare to find out. In this session, I'll lead you well beyond the edges of your comfort zone, and prepare you for a starring role in one of my guy-on-guy fantasies. And you'll enjoy it, because I'll program you to enjoy it. While the file does not mention lube in it, I suggest you have...

You have a Problem


One of my supporter submitted files, this is a short audio for those of you currently caged up.

Suck for Shibby


Ever wonder how I'd program my sweet boy to do those things he didn't think he could ever do for me? Prepare to find out. In this session, I'll lead you well beyond the edges of your comfort zone, and prepare you for a starring role in one of my guy-on-guy fantasies. And you'll enjoy it, because I'll program you to enjoy it. While the file does not mention lube in it, I suggest you have...

Suck for Shibby


Ever wonder how I'd program my sweet boy to do those things he didn't think he could ever do for me? Prepare to find out. In this session, I'll lead you well beyond the edges of your comfort zone, and prepare you for a starring role in one of my guy-on-guy fantasies. And you'll enjoy it, because I'll program you to enjoy it. While the file does not mention lube in it, I suggest you have...

Love-ly Orgasm


Here is the prompt I was given for the file as per the list my patreons voted on: Having an orgasm while being in love feels so much better! What if all orgasms you experience with me feel that good? What if my voice, the moment I start talking, makes you instantly horny and you become so in love with me that orgasm will feel heavenly? Isn’t that what you have always dreamed of? I will...

Orgasmic Chastity


You've been cumming quite a bit recently. I think it's time we slowed things down for a bit. Leave you feeling submissive throughout your day as this file lingers in your mind. The file for Night 12 to the Orgasmic Training Series.

Orgasmic Intensity 5


The final night you are allowed to cum, before the rest of the Series only brings you to the edge for a few days. A prep-up towards having a Hands Free Orgasm. Don't forget to listen to Orgasmic Preparation at least every other day. The file for Night 11 to the Orgasmic Training Series.

Orgasmic Intensity 4


Almost there... let's see just how far we can go together. The file for Night 10 to the Orgasmic Training Series.

Orgasmic Intensity 3


Enjoy, and make sure you check with your doctor first if you aren't sure you can handle the intensity. It's only going to go up and up and up.... The file for Night 7 to the Orgasmic Training Series.

Orgasmic Intensity 2


How are you feeling, how is your cock? Depleted, drained... mmm that would be best. But I want more from you, and you are a good boy who needs to give me what I want. An even longer orgasm. Controlling you... in such a strong way, until you admit if only to yourself that a little piece of me owns a little piece of you, and it's only going to get more intense. The file for Night 6 to the...

Orgasmic Intensity 1


Tying your sexual responses to obedience... There are five Intensity files. They are all different and each one will take you deeper... train you further... and make your orgasms last longer than the previous. These files build heavily off of "Orgasmic Denial" and "Orgasmic Command". I am unsure of the effectiveness if you haven't listened to the previous files. I want you a drooling,...

Orgasmic Command


Feeling denied? Don't worry honey, you do get to cum tonight. Just so long as you cum how and when I say so. If you can't cum exactly on my command - that's ok! Keep in mind this is a Training Series - and it wouldn't be training if you were already perfect. Don't worry... you WILL be perfect, it might just take some special conditioning... Time to practice what I've been teaching you....

Orgasmic Denial


It's time to start your Orgasmic Training. A Series of files created to take you further down the journey of your sexuality. I want to do things with your cock, and your orgasms, that you didn't know were possible. I'm going to make your orgasms last longer. Make it easier to control when and how many times in a row you can cum. I'm going to show you that my will can directly effect your...

Love-ly Orgasm


Here is the prompt I was given for the file as per the list my patreons voted on: Having an orgasm while being in love feels so much better! What if all orgasms you experience with me feel that good? What if my voice, the moment I start talking, makes you instantly horny and you become so in love with me that orgasm will feel heavenly? Isn’t that what you have always dreamed of? I will...

Orgasmic Chastity


You've been cumming quite a bit recently. I think it's time we slowed things down for a bit. Leave you feeling submissive throughout your day as this file lingers in your mind. The naked version of the file for Night 12 to the Orgasmic Training Series.

Orgasmic Intensity 5


The final night you are allowed to cum, before the rest of the Series only brings you to the edge for a few days. A prep-up towards having a Hands Free Orgasm. Don't forget to listen to Orgasmic Preparation at least every other day. The naked version of the file for Night 11 to the Orgasmic Training Series.

Orgasmic Intensity 4


Almost there... let's see just how far we can go together. The naked version of the file for Night 10 to the Orgasmic Training Series.

Orgasmic Intensity 3


Enjoy, and make sure you check with your doctor first if you aren't sure you can handle the intensity. It's only going to go up and up and up.... The naked version of the file for Night 7 to the Orgasmic Training Series.

Orgasmic Intensity 2


How are you feeling, how is your cock? Depleted, drained... mmm that would be best. But I want more from you, and you are a good boy who needs to give me what I want. An even longer orgasm. Controlling you... in such a strong way, until you admit if only to yourself that a little piece of me owns a little piece of you, and it's only going to get more intense. The naked version of the file...

Orgasmic Intensity 1


Tying your sexual responses to obedience... There are five Intensity files. They are all different and each one will take you deeper... train you further... and make your orgasms last longer than the previous. These files build heavily off of "Orgasmic Denial" and "Orgasmic Command". I am unsure of the effectiveness if you haven't listened to the previous files. I want you a drooling,...

Orgasmic Command


Feeling denied? Don't worry honey, you do get to cum tonight. Just so long as you cum how and when I say so. If you can't cum exactly on my command - that's ok! Keep in mind this is a Training Series - and it wouldn't be training if you were already perfect. Don't worry... you WILL be perfect, it might just take some special conditioning... Time to practice what I've been teaching you....

Orgasmic Denial


It's time to start your Orgasmic Training. A Series of files created to take you further down the journey of your sexuality. I want to do things with your cock, and your orgasms, that you didn't know were possible. I'm going to make your orgasms last longer. Make it easier to control when and how many times in a row you can cum. I'm going to show you that my will can directly effect your...

Breast Control Deepener


Enjoy this snippet of what is in store for your future as my slave... This piece of file while taking you deeper, installs in you a command to follow commands when given permission to stare at a woman's breasts. Open ended to come after an induction and meant to draw you deeper via arousal and visualization of my enormous breasts.

Breast Control Deepener


Enjoy this snippet of what is in store for your future as my slave... This piece of file while taking you deeper, installs in you a command to follow commands when given permission to stare at a woman's breasts. Open ended to come after an induction and meant to draw you deeper via arousal and visualization of my enormous breasts. ...